8 Types of Moulding: Practical & Decorative

Types of Moulding

Moulding is a simple, inexpensive addition that can add value, appeal, and practicality to your home. The different types of moulding each have its unique purpose, feel, and use, working together to create a cohesive look throughout your home. 

Below are types of moulding from floor to ceiling that you can consider for your home:

Primary Types:

◾️ Crown Moulding

Crown moulding is typically used as a functional cover between the ceiling and the wall. With intricate designs widely available, crown moulding has become a great way to add charm and a touch of luxury to the room. As a rule of thumb, the larger and taller the room, the more width you will need for your crown moulding.


◾️ Chair Rail

Originally used to protect walls from chairs and other furniture, chair rails are typically installed today for its aesthetics. Chair rails are a very simple way to tie the room together while adding warmth, charm, and built-in protection from bumps and scuffs. This type of moulding is installed approximately a third of the way up from the floor. Too high and you’ll find that the room somehow feels smaller…

◾️ Casings

Standard in homes today, casing is used to outline the perimeter of windows and doors. Entryways are often the first thing that people notice as they walk into a home. Casing not only hides the seams between the drywall and the frame, but it also provides an extra detail that makes your windows and doors a perfect focal area.


◾️ Baseboard, Base shoe, Base Cap

Installed where the floor meets the walls, these moulding pieces are essential for creating a smooth transition throughout the house. Baseboards come in a wide selection of designs including three-inch rounded, quarter-rounded, flat, and many others. The best practice is to find a style that works well with your casing to create a seamless feel throughout your rooms.

Decorative (Yet practical) Types:

◾️ Board & Batten

Board & Batten is a type of wainscoting that uses vertical boards with battens to cover the seams where the panels meet. Board & Batten offers a sophisticated, yet classic look while providing great protection for your walls. When deciding on the type of wood to use, be sure to keep in mind the width of your vertical boards relative to your baseboards and casings to ensure your design stays proportionate.

◾️ Wainscoting

Both practical and stylish, Wainscoting is installed between the baseboard and a chair rail to provide added protection against scuffs. Dating back all the way to the 1300s, this look is definitely a classic one that is great for adding some depth and warmth to the room.

◾️ Picture rails

As the name suggest, picture rails are a thin piece of moulding that allows you to hang pictures and artwork using wire and hooks. This piece of moulding is usually thin and installed horizontally approximately 12-18 inches from the ceiling. Popular in Victorian style homes, picture rails are a classy, yet practical addition to the room. For the art collector or homeowner who would like to avoid nail holes, picture rails are a type of moulding to consider adding

◾️ Panel Moulding

Panel moulding is usually a decorative addition to wainscoting. This type of moulding adds depth and style to flat walls by creating a paneled looked across the walls using thin pieces of wood. Panel moulding can be installed in squares, rectangles, or a custom shape depending on the style of your home.


Questions about home renovations or repairs? Give our office a call or send us a message to schedule a free on-site estimate. J.G’s Home Improvement is licensed in the state of West Virginia. We have proudly served the eastern panhandle for over 20 years! Located in Charles Town, our team is always available to respond quickly and reliably.

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