7 Types of Fences for Design, Security, & Privacy

Whether you’re swimming in your pool or just grilling out on the patio, privacy matters! Before you install a new fence, consider the wide range of different materials, styles, and features that are available to choose from.

Below are 7 types of fences to consider for design, security, and privacy:

1). Wood – $$

Wood fencing

Wood fencing is a great option for those who want to stay on budget without sacrificing design selections. Homeowners can choose between a variety of different types of wood including cedar, pine & redwood.  Be sure to keep in mind though that wood fencing does require additional maintenance and can be less durable after about 10 years. To weather proof the fence, homeowners may need bi-yearly applications of finishes and sealants. 

Here are two popular styles of wood fences to consider:

◾️ Stockade Style – A traditional design with clean lines and an uninterrupted flow of pickets. Pre-made panels are available which makes for a convenient installation.
◾️ Board on Board Style – An alternating design pattern that allows the breeze to circulate more freely.

2). Composite Fencing – $$$

Composite Fencing

For durability and minimal maintenance, composite  is definitely a material to consider for those with a larger budget. These man-made materials are difficult to damage and can last up to 35 years with easy maintenance! With composite fencing, homeowners will have no shortage of colors, designs, and additional features to choose from.

3). Aluminum Fencing – $$$

Aluminum Fencing

Standard in homes today, casing is used to outline the perimeter of windows and doors. Entryways are often the first thing that people notice as they walk into a home. Casing not only hides the seams between the drywall and the frame, but it also provides an extra detail that makes your windows and doors a perfect focal area.

4). Vinyl Fencing – $$

Vinyl Fencing

Made from a resilient plastic material, vinyl fencing provides homeowners with a low-maintenance fence that never requires staining or painting. Offered in versatile and customizable kits, vinyl fencing can be used all around the property for both security and decorative purposes.

5). Corrugated Metal – $

Corrugated Metal Fencing

Corrugated metal fencing comes in panels or sheets that are installed with wooden or metal posts. This type of fencing is easy to install and requires very little maintenance. Galvanized steel is a popular choice for corrugated metal fencing since it performs well in most climates — working to resist weathering and rusting.

6). Chain Link – $

Chain Link Fencing

Chain link fencing, a.k.a.  cyclone fencing, is one of the most popular choices of fencing material for both residential and commercial properties. Chain link fencing is one of the most practical styles of fencing – relatively easy to install, and very cost effective.

7). Bamboo – $

Bamboo Fencing

Long-lasting, yet still budget-friendly, bamboo is a material that will make a bold statement. Offering a “tropical feel”, bamboo fencing is great for homes with a pool or for those by the water. Bamboo fencing comes in rolled reeds & planks for easy installation. Designs are limited, but homeowners can choose between a number of dark and light colors.

Extra features like fence tops or hanging plants can be used to customize your fence to suit the style of your home. Post tops come in a variety of styles including flat, rounded, or jagged. When it comes to plants, there are a wide range of year-round, low-maintenance plants that can add a nice pop of color and additional privacy.

Fence Elements to Know:

1. End Post Cap: Rounded, flat, or jagged caps used to protect the top of end posts

2. Brace Band: A metal band used to attach the fence to the top and bottom of the end posts

3. Tension Band: A metal band used to attach the fence to the middle of the end posts

4. Terminal Post: The connecting post on the end, corner, or gate of the fence.

5. Rail Cup: Attached with the brace band, this “cup” attaches the fence and secures it to the terminal post

6. Tension Bar: A metal bar that spans the width of the fence that attaches to the brace band and tension band to secure it to the terminal posts

7. Tension Wire: An additional wire that can be added to the bottom of the fence to prevent the fence from being bent up by animals

8. Rail: The metal bar located on top of the fence that spans the entire length

9. Line Post Cap: A cap for each post that helps attach the fence to the rail

10. Line Post Eye Top: This piece fits atop each post and provides a loop for the rail to enter to support the fence

11. Post: The columns of the post that provide the fence with the main source of support

12. Panel: A pre-assembled section of the fence that provides for easy installation

13. Concrete: Poured into the ground to support the posts

14. Gravel: Loose rocks that are poured into the post holes for additional support and to provide room for water to pass

15. Post Top: A decorative piece that fits atop each post

16. Pickets: Vertical wood pieces that make up the fence

18. Cross Rails: A horizontal bar that connects each picket and provides support


Questions about home renovations or repairs? Give our office a call or send us a message to schedule a free on-site estimate. J.G’s Home Improvement is licensed in the state of West Virginia. We have proudly served the eastern panhandle for over 20 years! Located in Charles Town, our team is always available to respond quickly and reliably.

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